David Bowie was an innovating British rock musician and actor with a reputation rooted in the astonishing range of work he produced in the 1970s, from cosmic folk (“Space Oddity”) and glam rock (“Ziggy Stardust”) to blue-eyed soul (“Young Americans”) and electronic experiments with Brian Eno (“Heroes”). He became a superstar in 1983 and appeared on the cover of Time magazine with the worldwide success of “Let's Dance.”
Born David Jones, his first musical instrument was the saxophone, and he became a fan of early rock by Little Richard, Fats Domino and Frankie Lymon. While in high school, a fistfight over a girl damaged his left pupil, leaving him with one blue eye and the other permanently dilated and the appearance of a darker color.
In the mid-1960s, he began recording folk and pop music with various units and for a variety of labels. He changed his name to David Bowie in 1966 (largely to avoid confusion with Davy Jones of the Monkees), and started dabbling in theater.
In 1969, he released the album “Space Oddity” with a title song that became his first U.K. top 10 hit. Under the influence of Marc Bolan, Bowie formed a short-lived glittery band called Hype with guitarist Mick Ronson and Tony Visconti on bass. A version of that group would evolve into the musicians behind some of Bowie's groundbreaking work at the beginning of the '70s, starting with “The Man Who Sold the World.”
He followed that with the flamboyant “Hunky Dory” in 1972, which included “Changes,” a single that defined the coming decade for Bowie, reaching No. 66 on the U.S. pop chart. The same year saw the debut of “The Rise and Fall of Ziggy Stardust and the Spiders From Mars,” a concept album that fully ignited a cult following responding to its provocative rock and the glittery alien garb the band wore onstage.
He continued to record in that mode (the album “Aladdin Sane”) and produced Lou Reed's breakthrough solo album “Transformer,” including the single “Walk on the Wild Side.” Bowie disbanded his Spiders From Mars in 1973. He soon began work on a musical translation of George Orwell's “1984,” but could not secure rights to the novel from the author's heirs. He renamed the project “Diamond Dogs” (though some of the “1984” elements remained) and launched an elaborate tour.
Within a year, he transformed again to record the sultry blue-eyed soul of “Young Americans,” an album heavily influenced by Philadelphia R&B, though it also included “Fame,” an edgy funk collaboration with John Lennon. The song was Bowie's first chart-topping single in the U.S.
In 1976, he performed his first major role as an actor, as the alien visitor in Nicolas Roeg's “The Man Who Fell to Earth.” The same year he released “Station to Station,” which included the top 10 single, “Golden Years.” He relocated to Berlin and began working with Eno on a trilogy of albums (“Low,” “Heroes” and “Lodger”) that often featured brooding electronics. In 1977, he appeared in another film, “Just a Gigolo,” alongside Marlene Dietrich and Kim Novak.
After a decade as a major cult figure and occasional hit-maker, Bowie reached a broad mainstream audience with 1983's “Let's Dance,” a modern dance-music collection produced by Nile Rogers, with lead guitar from Stevie Ray Vaughan. In 1985, he recorded and filmed a duet with Mick Jagger on a new version of Martha and the Vandellas' “Dancing in the Street,” in support of Live Aid.
After spending the '70s as a groundbreaking rocker, and then with the success of “Let's Dance,” the remainder of the '80s were surprisingly fallow for Bowie. He formed a band called Tin Machine in 1989 and released two albums. In the '90s, Bowie appeared ready to experiment outside the mainstream again and released a series of albums as diverse as those from the 1970s, including “Earthling,” which dabbled in new generation electronic dance music.
In 1992, he appeared in the David Lynch prequel “Twin Peaks — Fire Walk With Me.” He married supermodel Iman the same year. In 2002, he reunited with Visconti to record “Heathen.” And his songs (as performed by Seu Jorge) were part of the soundtrack to the 2004 Wes Anderson film “The Life Aquatic with Steve Zissou.”
Bowie died on Jan. 10, 2016, after an 18-month battle with cancer.