Frank Lloyd was a director, producer, screenwriter and actor who won two Academy Awards for his direction during a career that began in the silent era.
Lloyd was born in Glasgow, Scotland, on Feb. 2, 1887, and went to Canada at the age of 23 to work as a construction engineer.
He came to Hollywood in 1913 and made his start directing one and two-reel silent movies. He made 50 such pictures in the first year.
He won Oscars for his direction of "Divine Lady" in 1929 and "Cavalcade" in 1933. He was nominated in 1935 for his direction of "Mutiny on the Bounty," and although he lost the award to John Ford, the film received the Academy Award for best picture.
Other films of Lloyd's direction included "Les Miserables" (1917), "A Tale of Two Cities" (1917), "Riders of the Purple Sage" (1918), "The Eternal Flame" (1922), "Oliver Twist" (1922), "Ashes of Vengeance" (1923), "Within the Law" (1923), "The Divine Lady" (1929) and "Drag" (1929). He was also credited as a screenwriter on "Les Miserables," "Riders of the Purple Sage," "Oliver Twist," "Ashes of Vengeance" and a number of other pictures.
Beyond his directing career, he also worked as a producer and acted in a number of his own early films. He also served as the president of the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences from 1934 to 1935.
During World War II, he entered the Army Air Corps as a major and won the Legion of Merit and the Air Medal. He was commanding officer of the 13th Air Force Combat Camera Unit and directed a Pacific airpower documentary.
Lloyd retired from filmmaking in 1945 to live on his ranch at Carmel Valley, but later returned to Hollywood to work on "Shanghai Story" and "Last Command."
He died in 1960 at St. John's Hospital in Santa Monica, Calif., following several months of heart and lung trouble, at the age of 73.
|1928||Best Director||The Divine Lady||Win|
|1928||Best Director||Weary River||Nomination|
|1935||Best Director||Mutiny on the Bounty||Nomination|