John Chambers was an innovative and influential Hollywood special effects makeup artist who won an Academy Award for his groundbreaking efforts in the original "Planet of the Apes" and did much of his work in his home lab, where he trained and mentored young makeup artists.
Throughout his 30-year career, Chambers worked on scores of movies and television shows, including the films "The List of Adrian Messenger" and "The Island of Dr. Moreau," and TV's "The Outer Limits," "The Munsters," "Lost in Space" and "Mission: Impossible."
Among Chambers' innovations: a new technique for making "bald caps," which give actors the appearance of being completely bald. Instead of using rubber, Chambers used liquid plastic, which he sprayed onto a metal form of an actor's head. His bald caps are considered the most realistic and are the standard in the industry.