John Cromwell began acting at the turn of the century and later developed into one Hollywood's leading directors.
Cromwell was the director of such films as "Of Human Bondage" and "The Prisoner of Zenda."
Toward the end of his life, Cromwell returned to acting, appearing as the senile archbishop in the 1978 movie "A Wedding."
In 1928, he signed with Paramount Pictures and appeared in several silent films. As sound films developed he turned to directing. His early credits included "Tom Sawyer," "Abe Lincoln in Illinois" and "Little Lord Fauntleroy."
But in the 1950s, he was blacklisted by the McCarthy committee and out of work in Hollywood. He returned to New York as an actor, starring with Helen Hayes and Henry Fonda and winning a Tony Award for "Point of No Return."
Eventually, Cromwell was able to return to Hollywood, where he directed "The Enchanted Cottage," "Caged" and "Anna and the King of Siam."